Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a complex neurodevelopmental issue that can pose challenges in various settings, such as the workplace, school, and even within one’s household. Individuals with ADHD often struggle with maintaining focus, staying organized, and exhibiting impulsive or restless behaviours. Surprisingly, studies suggest that around 8% of adults may have ADHD without a formal diagnosis.

Let’s delve into the common symptoms of ADHD in children, teenagers, and adults and explore ways to support individuals living with this condition.

ADHD Symptoms in Children: 

ADHD is characterized by impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention. It often coexists with other conditions such as learning challenges, depression, anxiety, conduct disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder. The severity of symptoms can vary, affecting a child’s ability to learn, interact with others, and complete tasks.

Inattention symptoms in children may include:

  • Difficulty paying attention and staying focused
  • Being easily distracted
  • Forgetfulness
  • Struggles with organization and task completion
  • Difficulty following instructions or completing schoolwork

Hyperactivity symptoms in children may include:

  • Inability to sit still or constant fidgeting
  • Continuous movement or talking
  • Difficulty waiting for their turn
  • Interrupting others

Impulsivity symptoms in children may include:

  • Impatience and acting without thinking
  • Difficulty controlling emotions
  • Blurting out inappropriate comments or interrupting others

ADHD Symptoms in Adults: 

ADHD can persist into adulthood, and while the symptoms may resemble those seen in children, they can be more subtle and easily mistaken for other conditions. The manifestation of symptoms can vary and impact different aspects of an adult’s life, including work, relationships, and personal life.

Inattention symptoms in adults may include:

  • Difficulty with organization and task completion
  • Poor time management skills
  • Problems with planning and follow-through
  • Easy distractibility and forgetfulness
  • Difficulty with multitasking

Hyperactivity symptoms in adults may include:

  • Restlessness or feeling jittery
  • Difficulty relaxing or sitting still
  • Constant movement or fidgeting
  • Excessive talking
  • Engaging in unnecessary risks

Impulsivity symptoms in adults may include:

  • Acting without considering the consequences
  • Interrupting others or speaking out of turn
  • Difficulty controlling emotions or experiencing temper outbursts
  • Making impulsive decisions without weighing the outcomes

Causes of ADHD: 

While genetics are believed to play a significant role, the precise cause of ADHD remains unclear. Researchers continue to explore environmental risk factors, brain damage, nutrition, and social contexts as potential contributors to the disorder.

ADHD Diagnosis and Treatment: 

Diagnosing ADHD requires a comprehensive evaluation, including a review of medical history, physical examination, and psychological assessment. It is crucial to rule out other conditions presenting similar symptoms, such as anxiety or depression.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder often involves a combination of medication and therapy. While non-stimulant drugs are an option for individuals who cannot tolerate stimulants or have other medical concerns, medications like stimulants can help improve focus and attention.

Therapy can also be beneficial for individuals with ADHD. Children can benefit from behavioural therapy designed specifically for kids and adolescents. Adults can explore cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to address problematic thoughts and behaviour patterns. These treatments can assist in developing coping mechanisms and enhance interpersonal and communication skills. To determine the most suitable treatment approach, consulting with a doctor at an ADHD medical clinic in Santa Ana or seeking professional medical advice is recommended.


Early diagnosis and effective treatment of ADHD rely on a comprehensive understanding of the symptoms and indicators associated with the disorder. If you suspect your child may have ADHD, it is crucial to consult with a medical expert. With proper care and assistance, individuals with ADHD can lead successful and fulfilling lives.

Please note that I have provided general information, and it’s important to consult with healthcare professionals for specific guidance and diagnosis regarding ADHD.


CHADD, The National Resource on ADHD: “About ADHD.”

National Institute of Mental Health: “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.”

American Psychiatric Association: “About DSM-5.”

CDC: “ADHD: Symptoms and Diagnosis.”

Understood: “What’s the Difference Between ADD and ADHD?”

CDC: “CDC’s ADHD Checklist for Children.”

FDA: “FDA permits marketing of first brain wave test to help assess children and teens for ADHD.”

Walt Karniski, MD, developmental pediatrician; executive director, Tampa Day School, Florida.

Dana Stempil Herzberg, head of school, Lexis Preparatory School, Scottsdale, AZ.

National Institute of Mental Health: “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).”

American Academy of Pediatrics: “National Initiative for Children’s Health Quality (AAP/NICHQ) ADHD Practitioners’ Toolkit.”